National Elections 2018
12-13 & 26-27 January: Czech Republic, Presidency
Election of the President for a five year term. Provision for a second-round run-off between leading two candidates if no candidate achieves an absolute majority in the first round.
28 January & 4 February: Cyprus, Presidency
Election of the President for a five year term. Second round run-off to be held if no candidate achieves an absolute majority in the first round.
28 January & 11 February: Finland, Presidency
Election of the President for a six year term beginning 1 March 2018. Second round run-off to be held between leading two candidates if no candidate achieves an absolute majority in the first round.
11 February: Monaco, Parliament
24 members of National Council to be elected for a five year term. Mixed voting system with 16 members elected by first-past-the-post and 8 via proportional top-up lists.
4 March: Italy, Parliament
Election of 630 members of the Chamber of Deputies and 315 members of the Senate for a five year term. New mixed electoral system combining first-past-the post and proportional representation using the D’Hondt method.
18 March & 8 April: Russia, Presidency
Direct election of the President for a six year term. Provision for second round if no absolute majority obtained by any candidate in first round.
April (tbc): Montenegro, Presidency
Two rounds of voting. Five year term.
8 April: Hungary, Parliament
199 seats to be filled in sole chamber of parliament for a four year term. 106 members elected in single seat constituencies and 93 by top-up lists.
July (tbc): Slovenia, Parliament
88 of 90 seats to be filled by proportional representation with 2 seats reserved for Italian and Hungarian minorities using first-past-the-post. 4 per cent threshold. Four year term.
9 September: Sweden, Parliament
349 members of Riksdag (sole chamber of parliament) to be elected for a four year term. Proportional representation using party lists in 29 multi-member constituencies to elect 310 members, with 39 additional top-up seats at national level. 4 per cent threshold to enter parliament.
7 October: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Presidency and Parliament
Three members of the collective Presidency to be elected. 42 members of the House of Representatives to be elected for a four year term by proportional representation.
14 October: Luxembourg, Parliament
Election of 60 members of the Chamber of Deputies by proportional representation in four multi-member constituencies. Five year term.
October (tbc): Ireland, Presidency
Direct election of the President for a seven year term using the Alternative Vote (AV) system.
October (tbc): Greece, Parliament
300 members of the sole chamber to be elected: 250 via proportional representation with a 50-seat bonus awarded to the largest party. 3 per cent threshold.
October (tbc): Latvia, Parliament
Election of 100 members of the Saeima in five multi-member constituencies by proportional representation with a national threshold of 5 per cent.
November (tbc): Moldova, Parliament
101 seats to be filled using mixed system: 51 in individual constituencies and 50 via party list system, with multiple thresholds. Four year term.
Regional and Local Elections 2018
28 January: Austria, regional election in Niederoesterreich.
25 February: Austria, regional election in Tirol.
4 March: Austria, regional election in Kaernten.
20-21 March: Netherlands, provincial and municipal elections.
22 April: Austria, regional election in Salzburg.
3 May: United Kingdom, local elections.
26 May: Iceland, local elections.
6 May: Germany, local elections in Schleswig-Holstein.
September (tbc): Germany, regional election in Hessen.
14 October: Belgium, provincial and municipal elections.
14 October (tbc): Germany, regional and district elections in Bavaria.
November (tbc): Poland, local elections.
4 March: Switzerland, referenda on financial reforms and abolition of TV/radio tax.
21 March: Netherlands, advisory referendum on security services’ powers.
May or June (tbc): Ireland, referendum on abortion law reform.
October (tbc): Ireland, referenda on blasphemy law reform, role of women and directly electing Mayors.
November (at latest): France, referendum on Independence in New Caledonia.
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